The Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) today released the text of a comment letter it has provided to the Federal Coordinating Council for Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) in which AMP sets forth its recommendations for priority areas on which to focus CER activities.
"CER is garnering substantial attention in Congress and among other policy makers who see it as a method to examine the comparative effectiveness of treatments, including how they relate to coverage and reimbursement decisions" wrote AMP President Jan A. Nowak, MD, Ph.D. "Diagnostic tests will most definitely be included in this paradigm, especially when the effectiveness of treatments will vary among different population subgroups. Unfortunately, the value of diagnostics in improving clinical outcomes has not been appreciated adequately in the past; therefore, considering the role of genomics under CER will be critical."
Dr. Nowak continued to say that in order for CER to be a success, it will be essential to train experts in diagnostics (including molecular diagnostics) in current health services research methods as well as to train health services researchers in the technical areas they will assess. This cross training will be essential to ensure that the research methods are technology appropriate.
"There is much less experience in assessing the role of the diagnostic test itself in appropriate and cost effective management of individual patients," wrote Dr. Nowak. "Therefore, AMP encourages the Coordinating Council to invest in the cross-training of researchers and diagnostics experts as well as to build the infrastructure within the agencies to understand and review data from different types of technologies."
The AMP letter recommends the devepment of a model process for CER regarding clinical laboratory tests. This model should include the creation of a panel of experts consisting of physicians and scientists, including laboratorians with molecular diagnostics expertise, economists, and reimbursement specialists; the creation of an electronic clearinghouse for information on CER projects similar to www.clinicaltrials.gov; the development and adoption of standards for the collection and storage of data from genetic testing laboratories in order to facilitate interoperability among databases; and a requirement that data from technologies and tests being assessed be generated from CLIA-, CAP-, ISO-, or FDA- certified institutions.
Additionally, AMP wrote that in order to routinely incorporate information that relates patient outcomes to genetic variations into clinical care, there is a need to jointly fund large, carefully designed comparative effectiveness trials for molecular tests with observational comparative effectiveness studies that complement the randomized controlled trials by including patients who do not necessarily meet the inclusion criteria for traditional prospective trials.
AMP’s comment letter also called for measures for the evaluation of genomic tests and clinical molecular diagnostics laboratories. For the public to reap the benefits of effective molecular tests, it is critical that all laboratories meet high performance standards and participate in proficiency testing programs utilizing appropriate reference and control materials. Specifically the letter recommends funding a program to develop new reference materials to aid the continued advancement of quality measures in laboratory medicine; the development of proficiency testing methods as alternatives to distributing surrogate test specimens; and, the development of appropriate quality assurance measures for new technologies such as whole genome sequencing.
Finally, as Dr. Nowak wrote, "Despite the possibility of saving the healthcare system thousands of dollars per patient and improving the quality of care, diagnostics have been historically under valued. AMP hopes that any CER activities will include research to explore the value, beyond simply cost, of diagnostic tests to patients, providers, payers and the larger health care system."
Source: Association for Molecular Pathology